Functional Dyspepsia

Stomach acid is required to assist in digesting food, killing potentially harmful bacterial and is also helpful in activating various digestive enzymes. What you are about to learn is that these symptoms are due to an abnormal buildup of stomach acid due to poor functioning of your stomach and intestinal tract or a drop in brain blood pressure and oxygen levels (discussion of this topic is discussed under Lightheadedness, Headaches and Fatigue).

Uncommon causes of upper abdominal pain or discomfort that may be confused with dyspepsia

Diabetes Symptoms in MenDiabetes mellitus is a disease in which a person’s blood sugar (blood glucose) is either too high (hyperglycemia) or too low (hypoglycemia) due to problems with insulin regulation in the body. There are two main types of diabetes mellitus, type 1 and type 2.

If there is no known cause for indigestion, it is referred to as functional dyspepsia. Yep, for sure. I had a stomach ulcer and ended up gaining weight, because I felt so hungry all the time!

Has the patient experienced weight loss?

Eating certain foods that are hard to process, such as foods that are high in spice, fat, acid, and/or fiber. If you have heartburn or reflux, you have a general idea of what foods and activities trigger your heartburn, and when. Stress is a huge factor when it comes to overall human health. And that’s because stress not only comes with an increase in cortisol levels, and increase in inflammation in the body.

Unfortunately, heartburn is a symptom you’re likely to experience throughout your entire pregnancy if you have it at all. In fact, even if you escaped indigestion early on in your pregnancy, there’s a good chance you’ll have a surge starting around the second or third trimesters, when your uterus takes over your abdominal cavity and forces your stomach upwards. Fortunately, the burn should clear up as soon as you give birth.

Indigestion, also known as dyspepsia is a common condition. It can happen when your body has trouble digesting food. It occurs in your gastrointestinal (GI) tract.

Nonulcer stomach pain is also called functional dyspepsia (dis-PEP-see-uh) or nonulcer dyspepsia. In functional dyspepsia gastric (and duodenal) sensation is disturbed (the “irritable stomach”), and in about half of patients distension induces symptoms at lower pressures or volumes than it does in healthy people. Delayed gastric emptying can be detected in a quarter to a half of patients with functional dyspepsia.

  • Several factors are responsible.
  • People who are dieting may wish to take steps to alleviate their hunger pains to meet their weight loss goals.
  • Thirty one subjects with reflux symptoms were given meals that would trigger their reflux and were randomly selected to chew gum for a half an hour after eating.
  • If you have an ulcer you need to be on a daily acid reducer, and you need to get tested for the h.
  • Indigestion is the condition, and heartburn occasionally is a symptom of indigestion.
  • The nerves that control the organs include not only the nerves that lie within the muscles of the organs but also the nerves of the spinal cord and brain.

The GI tract is a sequence of organs that play a part in digestion. Anyone can get indigestion. You can get it on occasion, or it can be an ongoing problem. The symptoms and causes vary by case.

The history is focused on obtaining a clear description of the symptoms, including whether they are sudden or chronic. Doctors need to know the timing and frequency of recurrence, any difficulty swallowing, and whether the symptoms occur only after eating, drinking alcohol, or taking certain drugs.

Your symptoms may be triggered by acid irritating your sensitive stomach lining. If you have heartburn (acid reflux), stomach acid rises up and reaches your throat through your oesophagus. This may be caused by gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GORD) – see our FAQ on What can I do if my indigestion is caused by GORD? Indigestion can also be a symptom of irritation or inflammation of your stomach lining, such as an ulcer.

In most cases indigestion is related to eating, although it can be triggered by other factors such as smoking, drinking, alcohol, pregnancy, stress or taking certain medications. The majority of people with indigestion don’t have inflammation in their digestive system. Therefore, their symptoms are thought to be caused by increased sensitivity of the mucosa (to acidity or stretching). Indigestion may be caused by stomach acid coming into contact with the sensitive, protective lining of the digestive system (mucosa).

In effect, the sphincter acts like a valve. When we eat, food passes down the gullet (oesophagus) into the stomach. Cells in the lining of the stomach make acid and other chemicals which help to digest food. Functional dyspepsia is characterized by chronic or recurrent pain or discomfort centered in the upper abdomen.

Stomach cells also make mucus which protects them from damage caused by the acid. The cells lining the oesophagus are different and have little protection from acid. If they describe an association with fasting, extreme hunger, or the collapses are relieved by eating, or the patient has gained weight attempting to prevent attacks, consider insulinoma.

Possible triggers include eating large and late meals, caffeine, alcohol, fatty meals, NSAIDs [non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs such as ibuprofen] and other medications.” Exercise, relaxation techniques, psychological therapies and acupuncture may help, but evidence is hard to come by because it hasn’t been a research priority, says Ford. Special diets, such as ones low in short-chain carbohydrate Fodmaps (fermentable, oligo-, di-, mono-saccharides and polyols) that can help people with irritable bowel syndrome, need further research to see whether they will help those with dyspepsia.

hungry with indigestion

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