Heartburn During Pregnancy: Causes and Treatment
If your symptoms do not improve after the above recommended diet and lifestyle changes are in place, talk with your healthcare provider about over-the-counter medicines. Antacids are available as chewable tablets and liquids. They work by coating the lining of the esophagus and stomach and neutralizing stomach acid. Heartburn medicines called H2-blockers work by reducing the amount of acid made by your stomach.
Antacids containing aluminium or magnesium can be taken on an ‘as required’ basis. Those containing calcium should only be used occasionally or for a short period. Antacids that contain sodium bicarbonate or magnesium trisilicate should be avoided as they may be harmful to your developing baby. Dyspepsia in pregnancy is usually recognised by your typical symptoms.
Eating spicy foods, for example, can increase the likelihood of a flare-up, while eating green vegetables may help reduce symptoms or prevent attacks. In general, the likelihood of having any symptoms of heartburn or regurgitation increases as pregnancy continues. Knowing which symptoms you have is important when talking about prevention and treatment.
Hyperlinking to this website does not imply or indicate any relationships or endorsements of the linked sites. Hormones affect every part of your body. And when you are pregnant, your hormones are going crazy, including the hormone progesterone. This hormone plays an essential role in preventing stomach acid from rising back up and into the esophagus.
Your doctor may diagnose you with GERD. This means that your heartburn needs to be controlled to protect you from complications such as damage to the esophagus. Over-the-counter antacids such as Tums, Rolaids, and Maalox may help you cope with occasional heartburn symptoms. Those made of calcium carbonate or magnesium are good options.
- The pregnancy itself-the upward pressure of the growing uterus-also may play a role.
- The ring, or sphincter, around the bottom of the esophagus that keeps the food and stomach acid in your stomach, is made up of smooth muscle.
- Antacids containing aluminium or magnesium can be taken on an ‘as required’ basis.
- Lillis, Charlotte.
- First, your doctor will try to rule out other health conditions that could be causing your symptoms.
- Common, less serious causes of bloating are eating too fast, too much, or too many fatty foods; swallowing air; pregnancy; and menstruation.
These include carbonated drinks, alcohol, caffeine, chocolate, citrus fruits and juices, tomatoes, mustard, vinegar, mint products, processed meats, and foods that are fatty, spicy, fried, or highly seasoned. Assist women to identify food and drinks that may cause reflux and to find culturally appropriate alternatives. Consider costs if prescribing medication to treat reflux. Discuss any remedies the woman may be using to treat reflux. Advise women that if symptoms persist or become more severe, medication can be considered.
The stomach has a special layer that protects it from stomach acid, but the esophagus is unprotected. When stomach acid gets into the esophagus, it irritates the lining, causing a burning sensation in an area located close to the heart, otherwise known as heartburn.
To do this, don’t eat in the last three hours before bedtime and don’t drink in the last two hours before bedtime. If you raise the head of the bed by 10-15 cm (with sturdy blocks or bricks under the bed’s legs), this will help gravity to keep acid from refluxing into the gullet (oesophagus).