If you’re a smoker and you develop a mouth ulcer – particularly on your tongue – you should get it checked by GP, Dr Nespolon added. Doctors first ask questions about the person’s symptoms and medical history. Doctors ask people about their consumption of or exposure to food, drugs, and other substances (such as tobacco, chemicals, toothpaste, mouthwashes, metals, fumes, or dust). Doctors need to know about all currently known conditions that might cause mouth sores (such as herpes simplex, Behçet disease, or inflammatory bowel disease), conditions that are risk factors for mouth sores (such as a weakened immune system, cancer, or HIV infection), and the person’s sexual history.
In the majority of cases, the ulcers will disappear without treatment and avoiding hard or irritative foods, like e.g. pineapples, applying cold substances to the affected area and if needed using numbing preparations, like topical lidocaine or benzocaine will be enough to manage the pain. The most common form of mouth ulcer is an ‘aphthous’ mouth ulcer. At least 1 in 5 people can develop aphthous mouth ulcers at some stage in their lives and they are therefore not specific to lupus and can have many potential causes. Whilst people with lupus may also develop these, mouth ulcers caused by lupus are a different type.
Canker Sores: Causes & Treatments
Mouth ulcers are incredibly common, with almost everyone having at least one in their life. Pain from a canker sore generally lessens in a few days, and the sores usually heal without treatment in about a week or two. Cankers sores treated with dental lasers exhibit almost complete relief of the symptoms immediately. Talk to your dentist about the procedure.
Canker sores (aphthous ulcers or aphthous stomatitis) are small, painful ulcers inside the mouth. They may occur on the tongue and on the inside linings of the cheeks, lips, and throat. They usually appear white, gray, or yellow in color, with a red border. Mild cases of aphthous stomatitis may not require any treatment as the ulcers will heal on their own.
Cold sores, also called fever blisters or herpes simplex type 1, are groups of painful, fluid-filled blisters. Unlike canker sores, cold sores are caused by a virus and are extremely contagious.
Individuals ingesting large amounts of vitamin A may also have pigmentation of the soft palate, so only a medical professional should determine the symptom cause. Oral lesions are far less common in cases of ulcerative colitis.
“This can lead people to correlating eating a particular food with getting mouth ulcers, but the food isn’t the cause,” Professor McCullough said. It may seem like you get mouth ulcers after you eat certain foods, but it’s more likely that eating and drinking just makes you more aware of the ulcers – thanks to that stinging and burning sensation.
Aphthous ulcers treatment
Ulcers are open sores where the overlying skin has eroded away, leaving tissue beneath the skin surface exposed. These can occur in the mucosa of people who have SLE.
The pain makes eating difficult, which sometimes leads to dehydration and undernutrition. Some sores go away but recur. See your GP if you think you have oral thrush.
However, if you do have oral cancer, mouth ulcers that do not go away are a symptom. As ulcers often occur as the result of infection from plaque bacteria on the teeth, poor oral hygiene also plays a contributory role in the development of mouth ulcers. Mouth ulcers and Canker Sores are virtually indistinguishable and can be managed and treated in the same way.