Neutralization Reaction of an Antacid
Talk to your pharmacist for more details. Antacids help to treat heartburn (indigestion). They work by neutralizing the stomach acid that causes heartburn. Antacids are available as over the counter medications, meaning that patients do not require a prescription to obtain them.
Under the generic name algeldrate, aluminium hydroxide is used as an antacid. Aluminium hydroxide is preferred over other alternatives such as sodium bicarbonate because Al(OH) 3 , being insoluble, does not increase the pH of stomach above 7 and hence, does not trigger secretion of excess stomach acid. Brand names include Alu-Cap, Aludrox, Gaviscon, and Pepsamar. When antacids work on stomach acid, they can produce gas which may cause wind (flatulence).
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Itâ€™s fine to try an OTC solution for a week or two, but if discomfort persists, book an appointment with your gastroenterologist. Seeing your doctor early helps you get immediate treatment to avoid far more serious problems down the line. Stomach acid mostly contains hydrochloric acid (HCl), a very strong acid.
Antacids are typically safe for most people. However, people with certain medical conditions should talk with their doctors before taking certain antacids that contain aluminum hydroxide and magnesium carbonate.
It is not an antacid. When ingested, this tasteless and apparently harmless substance floats on gastric fluid to prevent the reflux of acid and pepsin into the esophagus. Preparations such as Gavisconâ„¢ or Algiconâ„¢, combine alginate with antacids, and are popular heartburn remedies. There are no satisfactory clinical trials, but these preparations have little neutralizing power and are probably of little benefit in those reflux patients who have complicating esophagitis.
Antacids are often taken to relieve symptoms or when symptoms are expected. Your doctor or pharmacist will advise you of the dose needed and how often you should take it. Read the leaflet that comes with your particular brand for further information. Many of the common antacids also include alginates. Most alginates work by forming a gel which floats on top of the stomach contents.
Generally antacids provide quick relief for problems such as heartburn caused by reflux. However, the relief of symptoms may only be short-lived.
- Calcium Carbonate [CaCO3] – Calcium Carbonate (chalk) is the most potent usable antacid.
- Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects.
- Learn about treatments, prevention methods, and other causes of chronic coughing.
- Eating certain foods or beverages (such as fatty foods or coffee), being overweight, or eating large meals can trigger acid reflux.
In others there may be a problem with the muscular band at the top of the stomach (the sphincter) that keeps the stomach tightly closed. This may allow the acid to escape and irritate the gullet (oesophagus). This is called acid reflux, which can cause heartburn and/or inflammation of the gullet (oesophagitis). Heartburn is also a common symptom of GERD, or gastroesophageal reflux disease. GERD is a long-term condition.
made to see how antacids affect the pH of the stomach acid. What is important about Equation 2 above is that before antacids are added to the stomach, it contains a lot of HCl, but after the antacids are added and react in the stomach, it contains salt, carbon dioxide, and water. The base (the antacid) turns the acid primarily into salt and water.
To minimize constipation, drink plenty of fluids and exercise. Diarrhea is more common with this product than constipation. This medication can cause nausea, constipation, diarrhea, or headache. If these symptoms persist or become severe, notify your doctor.
Duplication for commercial use must be authorized in writing by ADAM Health Solutions. All antacids work equally well, but they can cause different side effects. If you use antacids often and have problems with side effects, talk with your health care provider. Rodriguez-Stanley S, Ahmed T, Zubaidi S, Riley S, Akbarali HI, Mellow MH, Miner PB. Calcium carbonate antacids alter esophageal motility in heartburn sufferers.
They are commonly used in conditions where it is helpful to neutralise the acid made in the stomach. For example, for acid reflux which causes heartburn.
the stomach. In other conditions where it is helpful to neutralise stomach acid. For example, for occasional bouts of indigestion (dyspepsia). Aluminum Hydroxide [Al(OH)3] – Compared to magnesium hydroxide, aluminum hydroxide is a weak, slow-acting antacid, and its acid-neutralizing effect varies among commercial products. Sodium bicarbonate [NaHCO3] – Sodium bicarbonate is a weak, short-acting antacid.